1. General information
The Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences publishes original papers, reviews and, occasionally, short papers on basic and applied research in the fields of animal breeding and genetics, physiology of nutrition, animal feeding, feed technology and food preservation. Submitted manuscripts should provide new facts or confirmatory data. A limited number of review papers will be considered for publication if they contribute new knowledge or a synthesis of the most important developments in the subject area. Review papers cannot be a summary of research done by one scientific team or research done within one project. Publication of a preliminary report or part of the data presented at scientific meetings or conferences should be noted in a title page footnote.
The papers should be written in clear and concise English. The manuscript should be submitted only via the JAFS Editorial System (http://www.editorialsystem.com/jafs ). The authors must remember to upload also the scan of completed Manuscript Submission Form (point 6 and signature made by hand are of particular importance). The form of the MSF is available at the end of these instructions on our website.
The day the manuscript reaches the editors for the first time is given upon publication as the date ‘received’ and the day the version corrected by the authors is accepted by the reviewers is given as the date ‘revised’. Publishing in JAFS is free of charge except for fees related to language correction and to colour photographs and figures.
A completed Manuscript submission form (scan) must be included with the first submission of the paper. The form is available at the end of these instructions.
Authors receive a free electronic PDF version of their paper as a form of gratification. No royalties are offered to the authors. All papers are available free of charge at the webpage of the Journal (jafs.ifzz.pl)
2. Requirements for manuscripts
Form and size. Manuscripts must be prepared in a doc, docx, or rtf format, double-spaced with continuous line numbering (the preferred font is Times New Roman 12 points). Full-length articles may not exceed 6000 words (including tables) and 30 references. Short papers should not exceed 3000 words (including tables) and 15 references
3. The manuscript shuld be assembled in the following order:
The title should be unambiguous, understandable to specialists in other fields, and must reflect the contents of the paper. No abbreviations may be used in the title.
Name(s) of author(s) with affiliations footnoted
The names of the authors should be given in the following order: first name initial, second name initial, surname. The corresponding author should be indicated by a numbered footnote.
E-mail address of corresponding author.
Running title no longer than 8 words.
Information given in the title does not need to be repeated in the abstract. The abstract should be no longer than 250 words. It must contain the aim of the study, methods, results and conclusions. Abbreviations should be limited, if used, they must be explained on their first use.
Up to six key words should cover the most specific terms found in the paper. They should describe the subject and results and must differ from words used in the title.
The paper should be sub-headed into appropriate sections.
A brief review of relevant research (with references to the most important and recent publications) should lead to the clear formulation of the working hypothesis and aim of the study. Indicating what is novel and important in the study is recommended.
Material and Methods
The approval of the relevant Ethics Committee of the procedures used in experiments on animals has to be cited at the beginning of this section. Care should be taken to ensure that the experiments are adequately replicated. All procedures used for processing of experimental material and analytical methods should be given. Only original methods should be described in detail, otherwise citation of the author of the method and indication of the modifications are sufficient. All sources of products, equipment and chemicals used in analyses must be specified. All measurements should be expressed in SI units. Experimental animals should be identified by designation of their genus, species and strain, and of their age, sex, genetic and physiological status. Methods of statistical processing, including software, should be indicated.
The results can be presented in tables or in graphic form (figures, photographs) and shortly described in the text. The text should not duplicate the tabular data. Tables should be prepared using the table creation function in Microsoft Word® (not by employing tabs and spaces), and submitted as separate pages at the end of the manuscript. They should be numbered in the order in which they appear in the text. Tables and column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. All results must be presented in SI units. Abbreviations should only be used if necessary for consistency or if there is not enough space for whole words. All abbreviations and symbols that are not obvious should be defined in the captions or footnotes. Numbers should be formatted so that they only contain meaningful digits. Using text tables when presenting a small set of data is recommended. P-values should be given in the tables. Illustrations should be referred to within the text as ‘Figure’ and numbered consecutively throughout the paper. Diagrams should be provided in Microsoft Excell® files and should be stored with original data. Autotypes should be submitted in JPEG or TIF format with a resolution of no less than 300 dpi and provided in the size in which they should be printed, i.e. 8 cm in width when placed on one column and 17 cm in width when across the page; the font Arial Narrow 9 points should be used for all characters on JPEG and TIF illustrations.
This section should contain an interpretation of the results and explain the influence of experimental factors or methods. It should describe how the results and their interpretation relate to the scientific hypothesis and/or aim of the study. The discussion should take into account the current state of knowledge and up-to-date literature and highlight the significance and novelty of the paper. It may also point to the next steps that will lead to a better understanding of the matters in question. Simple comparison of the results with those obtained in other studies should be avoided.
One or two conclusions originating from the study should be formulated in the present tense. Repetition of the main results should be avoided.
Acknowledgements (if relevant).
In the text, papers with more than two authors should be cited by the last name of the first author, followed by et al., a comma, a space, and the year of publication (example: Smith et al., 2012). If the cited manuscript has two authors, the citation should include both last names followed by a comma, a space, and the publication year (example: Marconi and Johnston, 2006). In the Reference section, a maximum of ten authors of the cited paper may be given. Where there are more than ten authors, the first three should be listed and followed by et al. All references cited in the text must be listed in the Reference section alphabetically by the last names of the author(s) and then chronologically. The year of publication follows the authors’ names. All titles of the cited articles should be given in English. Please limit the citation of papers published in languages other than English; if necessary translate the title into English and provide information concerning the original language in brackets, e.g. (in Spanish)
Abbreviation of the titles of periodicals should be in accordance with ‘The International List of Periodical Title World Abbreviations’, otherwise the full name of periodicals should be given.
The following system for arranging references should be used:
For papers in periodicals:
Moharrery A., Brask M., Weisbjerg M.R., 2014. The effect of different physical forms of rapeseed as a fat supplement on the activity of some enzymes in the duodenal chyme of dairy cows. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 23, 293–298
For papers in edited volumes, symposia proceedings, special issues of periodicals, etc.:
Jensen J.J., Larsson C., Junghans P., Tauson A.-H., 2013. Validation of the 13C-bicarbonate tracer technique against indirect calorimetry for estimation of energy expenditure in restarting ponies. In: J.W. Oltjen, E. Kebreab, H. Lapierre (Editors). Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition in Sustainable Animal Production. Proceedings of the 4th EAAP International Symposium on Protein Metabolism and Nutrition. Sacramento (USA). EAAP publication No. 134. Wageningen Academic Press Publishers, pp. 243–244
For books and edited volumes:
Steiner T. (Editor), 2006. Managing Gut Health. Natural Growth Promoters as a Key to Animal Performance. Nottingham University Press. Nottingham (UK)
For multi-author books:
Kleter G., Kok E., 2013. Compositional analysis for nutritional and safety assessment of feed from GM plants. In: G. Flachowsky (Editor). Animal Nutrition with Transgenic Plants. CAB International. Wallingford, OX (UK), pp. 50–58
4. Acceptance of manuscripts
The editor decides whether to reject the manuscript or to accept it for further processing after pre-evaluation by Editorial Board experts. An accepted paper is sent without the authors’ names and affiliation to at least two reviewers. Proposals of three reviewers (and their e-mail addresses) from countries other than the authors’ will be appreciated. The authors should amend the manuscript according to the reviewers’ remarks and answer all of the questions and comments in a separate letter. The corrected version should be sent in two copies: one as a final text (plain text) and the second with all of the amendments clearly marked. The editor and publisher kindly request all authors to carefully follow the recommendations laid down in these Instructions.
5. Special issues
Special issues of the Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences are published occasionally. Manuscripts on extensive experimental investigations, forming a selfcontained unit, are of first consideration for publication in these issues. All such manuscripts will be reviewed as in the regular volumes